Time-domain full waveform inversion of exponentially damped wavefield using the deconvolution-based objective function

Time-domain full waveform inversion of exponentially damped wavefield using the deconvolution-based objective function

Yunseok Choi and Tariq Alkhalifah, ”Time-domain full-waveform inversion of exponentially damped wavefield using the deconvolution-based objective function” Geophysics 83 (2018), R77-R88: doi: 10.1190/geo2017-0057.1
Yunseok Choi, Tariq Alkhalifah
full-waveform inversion, low frequency, deconvolution, time-domain, amplitude
2018
​Division, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia. E-mail: yunseok.choi@kaust.edu.sa; tariq.alkhalifah@kaust.edu.sa.
Full-waveform inversion (FWI) suffers from the cycle-skipping problem when the available frequency-band of data is not low enough. We have applied an exponential damping to the data to generate artificial low frequencies, which helps FWI to avoid cycle skipping. In this case, the least-squares misfit function does not properly deal with the exponentially damped wavefield in FWI because the amplitude of traces decays almost exponentially with increasing offset in a damped wavefield. Thus, we use a deconvolution-based objective function for FWI of the exponentially damped wavefield. The deconvolution filter includes inherently a normalization between the modeled and observed data; thus, it can address the unbalanced amplitude of a damped wavefield. We specifically normalize the modeled data with the observed data in the frequency-domain to estimate the deconvolution filter and selectively choose a frequency-band for normalization that mainly includes the artificial low frequencies. We calculate the gradient of the objective function using the adjoint-state method. The synthetic and benchmark data examples indicate that our FWI algorithm generates a convergent long-wavelength structure without low-frequency information in the recorded data.
 
(print): 0016-8033 (online): 1942-2156