Multiparameter elastic full waveform inversion with facies-based constraints

Multiparameter elastic full waveform inversion with facies-based constraints

Zhendong Zhang, Tariq Alkhalifah, Ehsan Zabihi Naeini and Bingbing Sun, "Multiparameter elastic full waveform inversion with facies-based constraints", Geophys J Int 213 (2018): 2112–2127. doi: 10.1093/gji/ggy113
Zhendong Zhang, Tariq Alkhalifah, Ehsan Zabihi Naeini, Bingbing Sun
Seismic anisotropy, Inverse theory, Reflection seismology, Elastic-wave theory
2018
​Full waveform inversion (FWI) incorporates all the data characteristics to estimate the parameters described by the assumed physics of the subsurface. However, current efforts to utilize FWI beyond improved acoustic imaging, like in reservoir delineation, faces inherent challenges related to the limited resolution and the potential trade-off between the elastic model parameters. Some anisotropic parameters are insufficiently updated because of their minor contributions to the surface collected data. Adding rock physics constraints to the inversion helps mitigate such limited sensitivity, but current approaches to add such constraints are based on including them as a priori knowledge mostly valid around the well or as a global constraint for the whole area. Since similar rock formations inside the Earth admit consistent elastic properties and relative values of elasticity and anisotropy parameters (this enables us to define them as a seismic facies), utilizing such localized facies information in FWI can improve the resolution of inverted parameters. We propose a novel approach to use facies-based constraints in both isotropic and anisotropic elastic FWI. We invert for such facies using Bayesian theory and update them at each iteration of the inversion using both the inverted models and a priori information. We take the uncertainties of the estimated parameters (approximated by radiation patterns) into consideration and improve the quality of estimated facies maps. Four numerical examples corresponding to different acquisition, physical assumptions and model circumstances are used to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.
0956-540X