Migration velocity analysis using prestack wavefields

Migration velocity analysis using prestack wavefields

Tariq Alkhalifah and Zedong Wu, "Migration velocity analysis using prestack wavefields", Geophysical Prospecting 65 (2017): 639–649​. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2478.12439.
BibTeX​ 
Tariq Alkhalifah, Zedong Wu
migration, prestack, velocity analysis
2017
​Using both image and data domains to perform velocity inversion can help us resolve the long and short wavelength components of the velocity model, usually in that order. This translates to integrating migration velocity analysis into full waveform inversion. The migration velocity analysis part of the inversion often requires computing extended images, which is expensive when using conventional methods. As a result, we use pre-stack wavefield (the double-square-root formulation) extrapolation, which includes the extended information (subsurface offsets) naturally, to make the process far more efficient and stable. The combination of the forward and adjoint pre-stack wavefields provides us with update options that can be easily conditioned to improve convergence. We specifically use a modified differential semblance operator to split the extended image into a residual part for classic differential semblance operator updates and the image (Born) modelling part, which provides reflections for higher resolution information. In our implementation, we invert for the velocity and the image simultaneously through a dual objective function. Applications to synthetic examples demonstrate the features of the approach.
1365-2478