Common-image gathers using the excitation imaging condition

Common-image gathers using the excitation imaging condition

Mahesh Kalita and Tariq Alkhalifah, "Common-image gathers using the excitation imaging condition", Geophysics 81 (2016): S261-S269. doi:  10.1190/geo2015-0413.1
Mahesh Kalita, Tariq Alkhalifah
imaging, common angle, common offset, reverse time migration
2016
​Common-image gathers (CIGs) are extensively used in migration velocity analysis. Any defocused events in the subsurface offset domain or equivalently nonflat events in angle-domain CIGs are accounted for revising the migration velocities. However, CIGs from wave-equation methods such as reverse time migration are often expensive to compute, especially in 3D. Using the excitation amplitude imaging condition that simplifies the forward-propagated source wavefield, we have managed to extract extended images for space and time lags in conjunction with prestack reverse time migration. The extended images tend to be cleaner, and the memory cost/disk storage is extensively reduced because we do not need to store the source wavefield. In addition, by avoiding the crosscorrelation calculation, we reduce the computational cost. These features are demonstrated on a linear v(z)v(z) model, a two-layer velocity model, and the Marmousi model.
(print): 0016-8033 (online): 1942-2156