Automatic wave-equation migration velocity analysis by focusing subsurface virtual sources

Automatic wave-equation migration velocity analysis by focusing subsurface virtual sources

Bingbing Sun and Tariq Alkhalifah, ”Automatic wave-equation migration velocity analysis by focusing subsurface virtual sources” Geophysics 83 (2018): U1-U8. doi: 10.1190/geo2017-0213.1
Bingbing Sun, Tariq Alkhalifah
wave equation, VTI, velocity analysis
2018
​Macro-velocity model building is important for subsequent prestack depth migration and full-waveform inversion. Wave-equation migration velocity analysis uses the band-limited waveform to invert for velocity. Normally, inversion would be implemented by focusing the subsurface offset common-image gathers. We reexamine this concept with a different perspective: In the subsurface offset domain, using extended Born modeling, the recorded data can be considered as invariant with respect to the perturbation of the position of the virtual sources and velocity at the same time. A linear system connecting the perturbation of the position of those virtual sources and velocity is derived and solved subsequently by the conjugate gradient method. In theory, the perturbation of the position of the virtual sources is given by the Rytov approximation. Thus, compared with the Born approximation, it relaxes the dependency on amplitude and makes the proposed method more applicable for real data. We determined the effectiveness of the approach by applying the proposed method on isotropic and anisotropic vertical transverse isotropic synthetic data. A real data set example verifies the robustness of the proposed method.
(print): 0016-8033 (online): 1942-2156