An acoustic eikonal equation for attenuating orthorhombic media

An acoustic eikonal equation for attenuating orthorhombic media

Qi Hao and Tariq Alkhalifah, ”An acoustic eikonal equation for attenuating orthorhombic media” Geophysics 82 (2017): WA67-WA81.
doi: 10.1190/geo2016-0632.1
Qi Hao, Tariq Alkhalifah
anisotropy, attenuation, traveltime, P-wave, Q
2017
​Attenuating orthorhombic models are often used to describe the azimuthal variation of the seismic wave velocity and attenuation in finely layered hydrocarbon reservoirs with vertical fractures. In addition to the P-wave related medium parameters, S-wave parameters are also present in the complex eikonal equation needed to describe the P-wave complex-valued traveltime in an attenuating orthorhombic medium, which increases the complexity of using the P-wave traveltime to invert for the medium parameters in practice. We have used the acoustic assumption to derive an acoustic eikonal equation that approximately governs the complex-valued traveltime of P-waves in an attenuating orthorhombic medium. For a homogeneous attenuating orthorhombic media, we solve the eikonal equation using a combination of the perturbation method and Shanks transform. For a horizontal attenuating orthorhombic layer, the real and imaginary parts of the complex-valued reflection traveltime have nonhyperbolic behaviors in terms of the source-receiver offset. Similar to the roles of normal moveout (NMO) velocity and anellipticity, the attenuation NMO velocity and the attenuation anellipticity characterize the variation of the imaginary part of the complex-valued reflection traveltime around zero source-receiver offset.
(print): 0016-8033 (online): 1942-2156