Traveltime approximations for inhomogeneous transversely isotropic media with a horizontal symmetry axis

Traveltime approximations for inhomogeneous transversely isotropic media with a horizontal symmetry axis

Tariq Alkhalifah, "Traveltime approximations for inhomogeneous transversely isotropic media with a horizontal symmetry axis", Geophysical Prospecting 61 (2013), 495-503, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2478.2012.01067.x​.
Tariq Alkhalifah
Azimuth, HTI media, Isotropic
2013
​Traveltime information is crucial for parameter estimation, especially if the medium is described by a set of anisotropy parameters. We can efficiently estimate these parameters if we are able to relate them analytically to traveltimes, which is generally hard to do in inhomogeneous media. I develop traveltime approximations for transversely isotropic media with a horizontal symmetry axis (HTI) as simplified and even linear functions of the anisotropy parameters. This is accomplished by perturbing the solution of the HTI eikonal equation with respect to the anellipticity parameter, η and the azimuth of the symmetry axis (typically associated with the fracture direction) from a generally inhomogeneous, elliptically anisotropic background medium. Such a perturbation is convenient since the elliptically anisotropic information might be obtained from well velocities in HTI media. Thus, we scan for only η and the symmetry-axis azimuth. The resulting approximations can provide a reasonably accurate analytical description of the traveltime in a homogenous background compared to other published moveout equations. They also help extend the inhomogenous background isotropic or elliptically anisotropic models to an HTI one with a smoothly variable η and symmetry-axis azimuth.
1365-2478