The natural combination of full and image-based waveform inversion

The natural combination of full and image-based waveform inversion

Tariq Alkhalifah and Zedong Wu, "The natural combination of full and image-based waveform inversion", Geophysical Prospecting (2015): online. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2478.12264.
Tariq Alkhalifah, Zedong Wu
FWI, MVA
2015
​Integrating migration velocity analysis and full waveform inversion can help reduce the high non-linearity of the classic full waveform inversion objective function. The combination of inverting for the long and short wavelength components of the velocity model using a dual objective function that is sensitive to both components is still very expensive and have produced mixed results. We develop an approach that includes both components integrated to complement each other. We specifically utilize the image to generate reflections in our synthetic data only when the velocity model is not capable of producing such reflections. As a result, we get the migration velocity analysis working when we need it, and we mitigate its influence when the velocity model produces accurate reflections (possibly first for the low frequencies). This is achieved using a novel objective function that includes both objectives. Applications to a layered model and the Marmousi model demonstrate the main features of the approach.
1365-2478